Total U.S.-Canada freight rose 3.8% from 2013 to 2014, according to the US DOT.
Trucks carried 53.8% of the $658.2 billion of freight to and from Canada, followed by rail, 15.8%; pipeline, 13.5%; vessel, 5.9%; and air, 4.3%. The surface transportation modes of truck, rail and pipeline carried 83.1% of the total U.S.-Canada freight flows.
According to the report, the trucking share of total freight movements with Canada has fallen 6.6 percentage points since 2004, with its imports sliding 8.8 percentage points while pipeline’s share of imports rose 8.4 percentage points and vessel exports rose 4 percentage points.
Michigan led all states in freight with Canada in 2014 with $74.2 billion. Of the top 10 states for U.S.-Canada freight in 2014, Texas had the highest percent change from 2013, a 19.2% increase.
The top commodity category transported between the U.S. and Canada in 2014 was mineral fuels, worth $148.1 billion, with 59.9% moved by pipelines. The next highest commodity category transported by a single mode in U.S.-Canada freight was vehicles and vehicle parts – other than railway vehicles and parts – with $66.9 billion in freight moved by trucks.
Overall, the value of freight moved between the U.S. and all its North America neighbors increased overall 4.5% in 2014 compared to a year earlier.